Object = F8

Vertex = F9

Edge = F10

Face = F11

Convert selection = Hold ctrl while pressing corresponding key

Grow/shrink = Shift + >/<

Add = Ctrl+Shift Remove = Ctrl

Toggle = Shift (inverts selection)

Paint select = Toolbox / ctrl+shift+rmb - select - drag select. Hold 'B' and drag lmb/mmb to change brush size.

Select ring = (Maya 2k9) select edge then press up/down to ring, and left/right to pick walk.

Select loop = (Maya 2k9) Edge = Double click edge Face = Partial: Select face and then shift+double click end face to loop to.

Full: After selecting two faces press right arrow to select complete loop, and then left/right to pick walk.